香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
無雙直傳 | 8th May 2006, 01:03 AM | 英文文章 | (461 Reads)
Recently, I read a book which called < The World is Flat>. This is a famous book this year and many local columnists introduce and recommend it. The theme of the book is globalization - The world is to be flat. The author tells us - What is globalization? What are the factors to conduce it? What are the benefits of it? What are the problems of it? How can we do to face globalization? In general, I agree the view of the author but I do not agree all the opinions within especially he talked about Islam which I was enlightened by this.   
Generally speaking, I regard the globalization is a new industrial revolution and it began in the 80’s. The main conductions are the revolution of information technology and the Berlin well was demolished. In the 80’s, some scholars advocate global village and the third wave society. The first wave society was agricultural society, the second wave society was industrial society and the third wave society is information technological society. At that time, these had a term-futurology. in the 70’s, in the 80’s, in the 90’s, all books have illustrated that situation. Besides, the information technology and political affairs, what is the new idea about globalization in ? - The answer is outsourcing, offshoring, supply-chanining and insourcing.

 That means the global goes deeper into international division of labor than before. I regard the global village; the third wave society and globalization are equivalent. Who is the first man preview this? Karl Marx. Friedman whose is the writer of . “In the Communist Manifesto, he described capitalism as a force that would dissolve all feudal, national, and religious identities, rising to an universal civilization, which is governed by market imperatives.” The book disregarded what Sandel said and Friedman wrote “ I am in awe at how incisively Marx detailed the forces that were flattening the world during the rise of the Industrial Revolution, and how much he foreshadowed the way these same forces would keep flattening the world right up to the present.” As a result, I deem the globalization is a new industrial Revolution and we can feel its influence to our society and culture like the days of Industrial Revolution. Globalization amplifies advantage and detrimental of capitalism.  

Currently, France and Indonesia confused because the governments wanted to amend their labor law to enhance their competition in globalization. Even if, they do not amend their labor law, their employers can adopt Wal-Mart management style, which employers hire part-time labor to avoid the welfare imposed by the labor laws. In the flat World, the Wal-Mart management style is a trend to reduce the cost and increase the competition. Globalization, I regard as a new industrial revolution impact and it changes our society very much and like the era of Industrial Revolution when the labors did not enjoy any welfare,           
overtime working, child labor problem etc. Anyhow, this is a time with no protection for employees (labor and middle class).

  In the past, middle class, intellects or professionals were very stable. However, in globalization, it is not only manufacturing but also service is being outsourced and moving offshore to other countries. Friedman mentions like the United State’s answering phone service, actuary, game designs and cartoon animation are outsourced to India The third wave theory tells us, professionals are not stable in the third wave society because today’s professionals will be too many in tomorrow. Oversized doctors in a village will cause severe unemployment. Today you want to be a doctor because the global village is lack of doctors but when you graduate, you might be unemployed due to the rapid change of the situation. In globalization, well-educated persons, professionals and middle class are not guarantee for stablility. Karl Marx diagnosed the detrimental of capitalism but how to build up a communistic society, he did not provide a good answer. How can we do to face the globalized challenge ? That is the topic we need to think about.    

鳴謝伏妖修改此文文法