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無雙直傳 | 21st May 2006, 23:35 PM | 英文文章 | (472 Reads)

writing by 無雙直傳

amending by 伏妖

It is a big problem for a developed society that the lower class has to face globalization challenge. Friedman provided so many methods for the middle class to face globalization challenge but none of them is for lower class. He mentioned in a flattening world which have a large group of people being half flat and unflat. He said that being flat was good but full of pressure, being unflat is awful and full of pain, but being unflat had its own special anxiety. He considers the half flat are the rural India, rural China, and rural Eastern Europe, which are closed enough to see, touch , and occasionally benefit from the flat world but who are not really living inside it. However, I regard the half flat and unflat not only in the rural area of the developing societies but also in the developed societies-they are the lower class.

 

Presently, Unemployed rate in Hong Kong reduces but the lower class is usually unemployed. Because their jobs are easy fungible and have less demand or could be substituted by outsouring or transfer. Honestly, I regard the ability of the lower class is incapable of managing globalization challenge. Hong Kong is restricted to “one country two systems”, so it is impossible, such like United State or China, that enormous economic substance mobilize population to other region in order to solve the problem. Therefore, the society, indeed the Hong Kong government, is indispensable to help them adapting globalization.

In short term, workers in the lower class need to upgrade the skill to remain in competition. In fact, Hong Kong government has a “skill upgrading program” for them but the progress is very slow and it is not in depth. For example, printing work is transferred to mainland because of lower cost. But why Japan still has printing industry? If all printing work is transferred to lower cost places then Japan should not have printing industry retained. Japan still have the printing industry because the skill is not fungible. So, the high value printing demand still exists in Japan. But I cannot foresee the “skill upgrading program” can achieve the same result. Indeed, this idea is not only on upgrading skill, but also making it be systematic. Japan is not only having excellent printing industry but also has excellent connected industries with printing, such as design and photography.

Except skill upgrading, the government has to establish the “ Minimum wages and Maximum working hours” policy for some jobs which are those lowest of the lowest. Economic liberalist must oppose this idea and proprietors do not want to open this precedence. But I repeat that the lower class particularly the lowest of the lowest, their capability to face globalization is too fragile. Long time disproportion of wealth is not good for economy and increase the risk of riot.

In long term, the government must have a systematic development plan and must focus to impetus on one or two industries. Furthermore, the nine years free education system must extend to eleven years. High value blue-collar jobs or low value white-collar jobs are occupied by well-educated people in developed societies, like middle-class must to upgrade to remain in competition. Enhancing competence is the only way to face globalization because our wages are higher than other regions.

Ultimately, the Pre-Chief Executive, Tung Chee-Hwa was failed because his plan was so  ambitious and magnificent but not solid on the ground. If his plan was extended to tens or twenty years, it couldhave a chance to succeed. Actually, Hong Kong requires a long term developing strategy, which the focus is not only economic integration with China but also to ASEAN. In globalization, economic integration is a trend.